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Could you have iron-deficiency anemia? Find out here

Iron is an essential nutrient that performs many important functions in your body. In particular, it helps to produce hemoglobin, a red blood cell protein (RBC) and speeds up the transport of oxygen in the blood from the lungs to the body’s organs. It is also an important part of many important enzyme systems. Enzymes are biological catalysts that modulate various metabolic activities in your body. Lack of adequate iron levels can cause anemia, and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common cause of anemia. [1] According to the World Health Organization (WHO), two billion people worldwide are affected by anemia, and half of these cases of anemia are caused by iron deficiency. Can you have iron-deficiency anemia?

The symptoms of iron deficiency anemia can be so mild at first that you won’t even notice it. The American Society of Hematology (ASH) says most people don’t even realize they have mild anemia until they have routine blood tests.

If you have moderate to severe iron deficiency, you may experience some or all of the following symptoms:

Fatigue and fatigue
Pale skin
Feeling tingled or crawling in your feet
Cold hands and feet
Strong or irregular heartbeat
Brittle nails
A special desire to eat ice cream or clay

Not only that, iron deficiency anemia increases the risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and even mortality in children, and thus has important consequences for future generations. Iron deficiency also reduces the intellectual performance of school children. If you experience any of the above symptoms and suspect that you are not drinking enough iron in your diet, check your iron levels with a laboratory test and consult your doctor. Pregnant women, in particular, should pay attention to sufficient iron levels.

What can cause iron-deficiency anemia?

Iron deficiency: Unlike some essential substances, your body cannot make iron, so it needs to be absorbed from the food you eat or from iron supplements. If you do not have enough iron for a long time, you may be deficient in iron.

Inability to absorb iron: Even if you eat enough iron in your diet, your body may not be able to absorb and use iron. For some diseases or surgeries, such as celiac disease, gastric bypass can affect the absorption of iron into your body. Pregnancy or blood loss due to heavy menstruation: Blood loss during childbirth or heavy menstruation is the most common cause of iron deficiency anemia in women.

Specific medical conditions that cause internal bleeding: Gastric ulcers, colon or intestinal polyps, colon cancer, or improper use of certain painkillers can lead to internal bleeding and loss of iron from the body.

Who is at risk for iron deficiency anemia?

Pregnant woman
People with a poor diet
Women of childbearing age
Vegetarians who do not have enough iron-rich foods
If you think you may be at risk of iron deficiency anemia, be sure to talk to your doctor to see if a blood test or dietary changes may help.

What medical tests can help diagnose iron-deficiency anemia? Complete blood test (CBC).
CBC is a standard blood function that measures the number of all blood components including red blood cells (RBCs), hemoglobin, hematocrit, white blood cells (WBCs), platelets, etc. pa. your blood and can help diagnose iron-deficiency anemia. Your hematocrit and hemoglobin levels are likely to be low when your iron levels are low. Your red blood cells are usually smaller than usual.

Other tests

The CBC test is usually a confirmation of the presence of anemia. However, your doctor may recommend some additional tests to study iron to determine the cause and severity of your anemia. These blood tests will provide information on certain specific parameters (such as ferritin, iron-binding capacity) and help identify better treatment options.

You may also be advised to perform an occult bleeding or endoscopy test to detect internal bleeding.

While iron deficiency can impair most of your vital functions, excess iron can also be toxic to your body. Make sure you consume only the recommended amount of iron.

Conclusion :

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