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How important are lipids to your health?

What does a lipid profile test entail?

     A lipid panel or lipid profile test measures a person’s abnormal cholesterol levels to understand the   risk of heart disease that could lead to cardiovascular trouble in the future. A total cholesterol test can     be used as a screening tool for identifying conditions such as hypercholesterolemia, familial Hypercholesterolemia and mixed dyslipidemia, a risk factor for coronary artery disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease. 

What Are Lipids and How Do They Impact Our Health?

     Phospholipids are a chemical component of cell membranes. A major function of the phospholipids in       these membranes is to make it possible for substances to move across the membrane. This process is called diffusion. Phospholipids are similar to triglycerides in their structure, except that they have an alcohol group instead of the glycerol backbone they share with triglycerides. As phospholipids contain at least one phosphate group, this distinguishes them from other biological lipids, which do not contain chemical groups containing oxygen.

Cracking The Lipid Profile

        The blood cholesterol level is normally measured in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Your lipid profile test results will be in mg/dL. Your doctor can predict the risk of cardiovascular diseases by considering various factors such as HDL, total cholesterol, etc. Other risk factors are also taken into consideration, such as high blood pressure, family history, etc.

LDL Cholesterol 

      LDL cholesterol is the only cholesterol we should be worried about. LDL levels should be between 70 and 130mg/dL. The lower your LDL level, the healthier you heart (among other organs) will be. However, an LDL level higher than 190mg/dL, is regarded as very high and will necessitate medication such as statins to control it.

HDL Cholesterol

      If your HDL level is below 40mg/dL and for men and lower than 50mg/dl and for women, then it indicates that you’re at a high risk of developing heart disease. As HDL consists of the low-density lipoproteins in your blood, their function is to help protect you from plaque build-up in your arteries, as they remove excess cholesterol from the bloodstream through reverse transport. So if you have low levels of HDL, your risk will likely increase as there won’t be enough protective “good cholesterol” to keep your arteries clear – instead only bad LDL cholesterol which contributes towards plaque buildup.


     “Triglycerides should be in the range of 10 to 150 mg/dL.”Between 150 and 199 mg/dL – high-riskzone     Between 200 and 499 milligrammes is considered high-risk, while 500 mg/dL is considered very high-risk.You have such a higher risk of heart attack if your triglycerides test results show a higher amount of triglycerides. Triglyceride levels are indeed greater in people with diabetes or heart disease.

Total Cholesterol 

    The total cholesterol score is determined by multiplying the triglyceride level by 20%, the LDL total cholesterol by 20%, and the HDL cholesterol level by 20%.

The ideal total cholesterol level for most adults is less than 200 mg/dL. It’s considered “borderline high risk” if your total total cholesterol is between 200 and 239 mg/dL. It’s termed “high risk” if your total cholesterol level exceeds 240 mg/dL.

Why get tested? Here are some of the benefits.

        Fat  soluble vitamins or fatty molecules that are found in the complete blood count and bodily tissues. They are  both made by the body and absorbed through food. Lipids are necessary for a variety of functions, including the formation of cell membranes and hormones, and also the production of energy molecules such as ATP (adenosine  triphosphate ) By being broken down to make ATP, which can then be used to form glucose, it keeps the body running smoothly. When researchers looked at the lipid levels of persons who didn’t have any symptoms of disease, they discovered that individuals who ate a diet strong in saturated fat had higher LDL cholesterol. HDL cholesterol is beneficial because it aids in the removal of contaminants LDL cholesterol from the bloodstream. Many of these problems can lead to life-threatening consequences, such as heart attacks, strokes, and coronary artery disease, which are more likely in persons with high cholesterol.

This medication is prescribed for patients who are?

        A lipid profile test at home is frequently performed as part of a normal physical checkup. This is because knowing about it can help you avoid a variety of other health problems. As a result, it’s best to keep  an eye on things on a frequent basis. It’s also a crucial factor in detecting other illnesses. This lipid profile value also shows the efficiency of a diet plan or the efficiency of a medication; for example, a change in the lipid profile value indicates the success of a diet plan or the efficacy of a drug.

     1. Smoking

     2. Obesity

     3. Bad food habits

    4. Sedentary lifestyle

    5. High blood pressure

    6. Heart ailments in the family

    7. Having a heart condition

    8. Already having suffered a heart attack

    9.Being a diabetic or showing a tendency towards becoming diabetic

       Men over the age of 45 and women over the age of 50 should monitor their cholesterol levels, but people in their 40s should be aware of this as well.

What are the various sorts of testing available?

 The lipid profile typically includes:

       1. Total lipids

       2. Serum total cholesterol

       3. Serum HDL (high-density lipoprotein), the “good cholesterol”

       4. Serum LDL (low-density lipoprotein), the “bad cholesterol”

       5. Total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio

       6. Serum triglycerides


In   special  situations:

1. Serum Phospholipids

             2. Electrophoretic fractionation to determine the percentage of
            (a) Chylomicrons         (b) LDL            (c) VLDL           (d)HDL

How do you control your abnormal lipids?

 1. Reduce consumption of saturated and trans fats.

2. Increase intake of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats.

3. Consume soluble fiber on a daily basis.

4. Reduce consumption of concentrated sugars.

5. Reduce alcohol consumption.

6. Increase  physical  activity  and reduce weight

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