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Prolactin Test: When Do you Need One and Interpreting the Results

Prolactin (or PRL) is not a term you should encounter in a normal conversation, but in reality it is even more important when you talk and think about fertility. If you haven’t heard of prolactin, don’t despair! Read on to find out more.

What is prolactin test?


Prolactin also known as PRL or lactogenic hormone is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland located in the lower part of the brain. It basically tells the body to produce breast milk when a woman is pregnant or breastfeeding. Prolactin is also important for male reproductive health, playing a role in the secretion of testosterone, which leads to sperm production.

In women who have just given birth, an increase in prolactin naturally results in milk production. Breastfeeding or breastfeeding sends a signal to the brain to stimulate prolactin. The hormone prolactin helps the mammary glands in the breast know when to produce milk.

Prolactin levels should also be monitored


Certain conditions require the need to measure how much of the hormone prolactin is present in the blood. Changes in prolactin levels can also occur under physiological conditions. For example, if women are pregnant or have just been born, they have higher prolactin levels, which makes it easier for them to produce breast milk. Prolactin testing can also sometimes show other problems caused by this hormone.

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Symptoms that may indicate adequate prolactin levels may include:


To a woman

  • Pain and discomfort during sexual intercourse
  • Incredible hair growth on the body and face
  • Breast-feeding outside of pregnancy or childbirth, called galactorrhoea
  • Irregular or no menstruation

-They lead to prolactinoma, ie. there are signs of pituitary growth

In men

  • Decreased sexual desire or other fertility problems
  • Difficulty to get a score
  • suffering from prolactinoma

How are the prolactin test results interpreted?


Generally, blood prolactin levels should be about 2-18 ng / ml in men, 2-29 ng / ml in non-pregnant or non-pregnant women, and about 10-209 ng / ml in pregnant women.

Lower to normal levels do not need to be tested and are usually not a cause for concern for both men or women. A short level means that the pituitary gland is not working at its maximum, a condition known as hypopituitarism. Even if the level is a little out of range or below range, this is not a cause for concern, as it may be caused by certain medications, stress, or eating something before a blood test. Prolactin levels can also be high, which is often the cause after pregnancy or breastfeeding in mothers, to very high, also called hyperprolactinemia. Prolactin levels and their effect on fertility
When prolactinoma tumors put pressure on the pituitary gland, it can stop the production of the hormone estrogen or progesterone, leading to infertility that is rare and ineffective. Low prolactin levels can disrupt menstruation, stop menstruation altogether, reduce sexual desire or cause vaginal dryness. Conversely, if men have high levels of prolactin, it can lead to erectile dysfunction and also low appetite for sex, sometimes hair loss is also a symptom.

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Get the right treatment for high prolactin levels
Seizures, lung cancer, stress caused by chronic illness or trauma can also cause high prolactin levels. Doctors may prescribe medication to treat high prolactin levels. If a person has prolactinoma, medications can help reduce the size of the tumor, if not; Surgery is the solution to remove these tumors.

Some of the simpler ways your doctor may recommend a reduction in high prolactin levels may include:

Dietary changes
Stop the rigorous exercises that burn you
Avoid wearing clothes that irritate your nipples
Take vitamin supplements (such as vitamin B-6 or vitamin E)
In short, an endocrinologist can help with the right treatment needed based on past medical history, persistent medications, etc., and also lead dietary and lifestyle changes to follow treatment such as surgery.

Conclusion :

Book your lab test with Prebuuk.com in association with Thyrocare and get best and most affordable price.

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