A lipid panel is a common blood test that healthcare providers use to monitor and screen for your risk of cardiovascular disease.
A lipid panel is a blood test that measures the amount of certain fat molecules called lipids in your blood. In most cases, the panel includes four different cholesterol measurements and a measurement of your triglycerides.
Having too many lipids (cholesterol and triglycerides) in your blood can lead to buildup in your blood vessels and arteries, which can cause damage and increase your risk of cardiovascular problems. Because of this, healthcare providers use lipid panels for both children and adults to evaluate the risk of cardiovascular diseases like heart disease, heart attack (myocardial infarction) and stroke.
This test checks levels of two typesTrusted Source of cholesterol:
- high-density lipoprotein (HDL), or “good” cholesterol
- low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or “bad” cholesterol
HDL is “good” because it removes harmful substances from your blood and helps the liver break them down into waste. LDL is “bad” because it can cause plaque to develop in your arteries, increasing your risk of heart disease.
You may need to fast for at least 8 hours before this lipid test.
Here are the rangesTrusted Source for each type:
|HDL||>60 mg/dL||male: <40 mg/dL; female: <50 mg/dL|
|LDL||>160 mg/dL||<100 mg/dL|
Normal levels can also vary by age.
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